# webview.create_window

webview.create_window(title, url=None, html=None, js_api=None, width=800, height=600,
                      x=None, y=None, screen=None, resizable=True, fullscreen=False, min_size=(200, 100),
                      hidden=False, frameless=False, easy_drag=True, focus=True,
                      minimized=False, maximized=False, on_top=False, confirm_close=False, background_color='#FFFFFF',
                      transparent=False, text_select=False, zoomable=False, draggable=False,
                      server=http.BottleServer, server_args={}, localization=None)

Create a new pywebview window and returns its instance. Window is not shown until the GUI loop is started. If the function is invoked during the GUI loop, the window is displayed immediately.

  • title - Window title
  • url - URL to load. If the URL does not have a protocol prefix, it is resolved as a path relative to the application entry point. Alternatively a WSGI server object can be passed to start a local web server.
  • html - HTML code to load. If both URL and HTML are specified, HTML takes precedence.
  • js_api - Expose a python object to the DOM of the current pywebview window. Methods of the js_api object can be executed from Javascript by calling window.pywebview.api.<methodname>(<parameters>). Please note that the calling Javascript function receives a promise that will contain the return value of the python function. Only basic Python objects (like int, str, dict, ...) can be returned to Javascript.
  • width - Window width. Default is 800px.
  • height - Window height. Default is 600px.
  • x - Window x coordinate. Default is centered.
  • y - Window y coordinate. Default is centered.
  • screen - Screen to display window on. screen is a screen instance returned by webview.screens.
  • resizable - Whether window can be resized. Default is True
  • fullscreen - Start in fullscreen mode. Default is False
  • min_size - a (width, height) tuple that specifies a minimum window size. Default is 200x100
  • hidden - Create a window hidden by default. Default is False
  • frameless - Create a frameless window. Default is False.
  • easy_drag - Easy drag mode for frameless windows. Window can be moved by dragging any point. Default is True. Note that easy_drag has no effect with normal windows. To control dragging on an element basis, see drag area for details.
  • focus - Create a non-focusable window if False. Default is True.
  • minimized - Display window minimized
  • maximized - Display window maximized
  • on_top - Set window to be always on top of other windows. Default is False.
  • confirm_close - Whether to display a window close confirmation dialog. Default is False
  • background_color - Background color of the window displayed before WebView is loaded. Specified as a hex color. Default is white.
  • transparent - Create a transparent window. Not supported on Windows. Default is False. Note that this setting does not hide or make window chrome transparent. To hide window chrome set frameless to True.
  • text_select - Enables document text selection. Default is False. To control text selection on per element basis, use user-select CSS property.
  • zoomable - Enable document zooming. Default is False
  • draggable - Enable image and link object dragging. Default is False server=http.BottleServer, server_args
  • vibrancy - Enable window vibrancy. Default is False. macOS only.
  • server - A custom WSGI server instance for this window. Defaults to BottleServer.
  • server_args - Dictionary of arguments to pass through to the server instantiation
  • localization - pass a localization dictionary for per window localization.

# webview.start

webview.start(func=None, args=None, localization={}, gui=None, debug=False, http_server=False,
              http_port=None, user_agent=None, private_mode=True, storage_path=None, menu=[],
              server=http.BottleServer, ssl=False, server_args={}):

Start a GUI loop and display previously created windows. This function must be called from a main thread.

  • func - function to invoke upon starting the GUI loop.
  • args - function arguments. Can be either a single value or a tuple of values.
  • localization - a dictionary with localized strings. Default strings and their keys are defined in localization.py
  • gui - force a specific GUI. Allowed values are cef, qt or gtk depending on a platform. See Renderer for details.
  • debug - enable debug mode. See Debugging for details.
  • http_server - enable built-in HTTP server. If enabled, local files will be served using a local HTTP server on a random port. For each window, a separate HTTP server is spawned. This option is ignored for non-local URLs.
  • http_port - specify a port number for the HTTP server. By default port is randomized.
  • user_agent - change user agent string.
  • private_mode - Control whether cookies and other persistant objects are stored between session. By default private mode is on and nothing is stored between sessions.
  • storage_path - An optional location on hard drive where to store persistant objects like cookies and local storage. By default ~/.pywebview is used on *nix systems and %APPDATA%\pywebview on Windows.
  • menu - Pass a list of Menu objects to create an application menu. See this example for usage details.
  • server - A custom WSGI server instance. Defaults to BottleServer.
  • ssl - If using the default BottleServer (and for now the GTK backend), will use SSL encryption between the webview and the internal server. Cocoa/QT/GTK only.
  • server_args - Dictionary of arguments to pass through to the server instantiation

# Examples

# webview.screens


Return a list of available displays (as Screen objects) with the primary display as the first element of the list.

# Examples

# webview.token


A CSRF token property unique to the session. The same token is exposed as window.pywebview.token. See Security for usage details.

# Menu object

Used to create an application menu. See this example for usage details.

Menu(title, items=[]). Instantiate to create a menu that can be either top level menu or a nested menu. title is the title of the menu and items is a list of actions, separators or other menus.

MenuAction(title, function) Instantiate to create a menu item. title is the name of the item and function is a callback that should be called when menu action is clicked.

MenuSeparator(title, function) Instantiate to create a menu separator.

# Screen object

Represents a display found on the system.

# screen.height


Get display height.

# screen.width


Get display width.

# Window object

Represents a window that hosts webview. window object is returned by create_window function.

# window.title


Get or set title of the window

# window.on_top


Get or set whether the window is always on top

# window.x


Get X coordinate of the top-left corrner of the window

# window.y


Get Y coordinate of the top-left corrner of the window

# window.width


Get width of the window

# window.height


Get height of the window

# window.create_confirmation_dialog


Create a confirmation (Ok / Cancel) dialog.

# window.create_file_dialog

window.create_file_dialog(dialog_type=OPEN_DIALOG, directory='', allow_multiple=False, save_filename='', file_types=())

Create an open file (webview.OPEN_DIALOG), open folder (webview.FOLDER_DIALOG) or save file (webview.SAVE_DIALOG) dialog.

Return a tuple of selected files, None if cancelled.

  • allow_multiple=True enables multiple selection.
  • directory Initial directory.
  • save_filename Default filename for save file dialog.
  • file_types A tuple of supported file type strings in the open file dialog. A file type string must follow this format "Description (*.ext1;*.ext2...)".

If the argument is not specified, then the "All files (*.*)" mask is used by default. The 'All files' string can be changed in the localization dictionary.

# Examples

# destroy


Destroy the window.


# evaluate_js

window.evaluate_js(script, callback=None)

Execute Javascript code. The last evaluated expression is returned. If callback function is supplied, then promises are resolved and the callback function is called with the result as a parameter. Javascript types are converted to Python types, eg. JS objects to dicts, arrays to lists, undefined to None. Note that due implementation limitations the string 'null' will be evaluated to None. You must escape \n and \r among other escape sequences if they present in Javascript code. Otherwise they get parsed by Python. r'strings' is a recommended way to load Javascript. For GTK WebKit2 versions older than 2.22, there is a limit of about ~900 characters for a value returned by evaluate_js.

# expose

Expose a Python function or functions to JS API. Functions are exposed as window.pywebview.api.func_name


# get_cookies


Return a list of all the cookies set for the current website (as SimpleCookie).

# get_current_url


Return the current URL. None if no url is loaded.


# get_elements


Return the serialized DOM element by its selector. None if no element matches. For GTK you must have WebKit2 2.22 or greater to use this function.


# hide


Hide the window.


# load_css


Load CSS as a string.


# load_html

window.load_html(content, base_uri=base_uri())

Load HTML code. Base URL for resolving relative URLs is set to the directory the program is launched from. Note that you cannot use hashbang anchors when HTML is loaded this way.


# load_url


Load a new URL.


# minimize


Minimize window.


# move

window.move(x, y)

Move window to a new position.


# resize

window.resize(width, height, fix_point=FixPoint.NORTH | FixPoint.WEST)

Resize window. Optional parameter fix_point specifies in respect to which point the window is resized. The parameter accepts values of the webview.window.FixPoint enum (NORTH, SOUTH, EAST, WEST)


# restore


Restore minimized window.


# set_title


Change the title of the window.


# show


Show the window if it is hidden. Has no effect otherwise


# toggle_fullscreen


Toggle fullscreen mode on the active monitor.


# Events

Window object has a number of lifecycle events. To subscribe to an event, use the += syntax, e.g. window.events.loaded += func. The func will be invoked, when event is fired. Duplicate subscriptions are ignored and function is invoked only once for duplicate subscribers. To unsubscribe window.events.loaded -= func.

# events.closed

Event fired just before pywebview window is closed.


# events.closing

Event fired when pywebview window is about to be closed. If confirm_close is set, then this event is fired before the close confirmation is displayed. If event handler returns False, the close operation will be cancelled.


# events.loaded

Event fired when DOM is ready.


# events.minimized

Event fired when window is minimized.


# events.restore

Event fired when window is restored.


# events.maximized

Event fired when window is maximized (fullscreen on macOS)

# events.resized

Event fired when pywebview window is resized. Event handler can either have no or accept (width, height) arguments.


# events.shown

Event fired when pywebview window is shown.


# DOM events

pywebview exposes a window.pywebviewready DOM event that is fired after window.pywebview is created.


# Drag area

With a frameless pywebview window, A window can be moved or dragged by adding a special class called pywebview-drag-region in your html

<div class='pywebview-drag-region'>This div element can be used to moved or drag your window like a native OS window</div>

The magic class name can be overriden by re-assigning the webview.DRAG_REGION_SELECTOR constant.